How to measure flour if you are using cups? Dip & Sweep  or Spoon & Sweep? You can learn how to convert cups to grams.  Here you will find both cup to grams conversion chart and fahrenheit to celsius conversion chart.


I love working with grams which I believe give accurate results.  Digital scale is my everything in the kitchen.  In pastry, scaling is extremely important.   If we use too much or less flour than needed, the taste and the texture of the cookies, cakes, etc. will be different.

I use a digital scale.  However, in my recipes you can also find cup conversions as many people use them. For those who use cups, in order to have the same results, it is a must to know which method I use while measuring the flour.  For some people 1 cup flour= 120 grams,  for others  1 cup=140 grams.   It is because of the different methods people are using.  If I can’t use my digital scale for some reason which is very very rare (let’s say I need to replace my scale’s battery and I don’t have it at that moment!),  I use dip&sweep method.

Dip & Sweep Method

If you use cup measurements, you should keep your flour in a big jar, so you can easily dip your cup into the flour.

First I stir the flour to aerate it.  Then I  dip  my cup into the flour, without shaking the cup I overfill it. Aerating the flour and not shaking the cup are the keys for the right measurement. (If we shake the cup or forget to aerate the flour while we are filling, more than needed will be packed and measured and this is what we don’t want. )

Steps of Measuring flour: Overfilling the cup with flour

After I overfill it, I  sweep the excess flour off the top with my spatula.  You can use the back of a knife too.

Steps of Measuring flour: Sweeping the excess of flour

That’s all. I come up with 140 grams.  Sometimes I come up with 141- 142 grams too (just a slight difference).

Measuring flour: Dip & Sweep - Gram Equivalent

Dip&Sweep or Spoon&Sweep?

Some people are comfortable with spoon&sweep method where you spoon the flour into your cup instead of dipping your cup into the flour.  I’ve realized that most people who use this method accept 1 cup flour somewhere between 115 grams and 125 grams.  I tried that method but I am not close to those numbers.

Shortly, I tried both methods,  dip and sweep method is more accurate(at least for me).  You can’t go wrong with this method if you do the steps carefully.   This is a safe method.  I would like to repeat the steps:

  • stir the flour to aerate it,
  • dip your cup into the flour,
  • without shaking your cup, overfill it,
  • sweep the excess off the top with a spatula or the back of a knife.

That’s it!

You come up with 140 grams.

If you still insist on using the spoon&sweep method,

to reach my 1 cup flour measurement, you should add 2 tablespoons of flour into your 1 cup flour.   (I accept spoon&sweep method as 120 grams, so the difference is 20 grams=2 tablespoons)

Cup to Grams Conversions

Below you can find my cup to grams conversions.  (I rounded some ingredients.  For ex: 1/2 cup brown sugar= 110 grams instead of 112,5 grams.)  I’ll update the list during my blog journey.  You may realize that I write powdered sugar only in tablespoons because my powdered sugar cup conversion is very different than people who use cup conversions for powdered sugar.

*I write my recipes in grams and cups even for liquids (I include the ml option for those who may want to use it) but if other recipes call for milliliters I use a glass liquid measuring cup.  I never look at the measuring cup below or above the eye level but just the eye level.  So if you need, you should bend down to be at the eye level  to make the correct measurement.

I will give you a little ratio that I think you may like if you prefer using grams even for the liquids.

When a recipe calls ml for water, you can use the exact amount in grams for water.   But this is not the case for milk:

240 ml milk= 251 gr

So if you want to use 240 gr instead of 240ml , it is not correct so it may affect the recipe.

However, if you multiply the ml milk amount by 1.048, you can find its gram equivalent. You don’t need to use your liquid measuring cup, what you need is a little math (240*1.048=251) 😉



If you need to convert fahrenheit to celcius, you can use the chart below:

I hope you find all the information helpful.

Happy baking 🙂


Measuring Ingredients and Conversions

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